EDRI Research Report 23: Productivity and Welfare Impact of Climate Change in Sugarcane and Cotton Producing Regions of Ethiopia

Abstract

Global temperatures are likely to increase by at least 2oC compared with pre-industrial levels by the end of this century. Besides, the intensity and frequency of extreme climatic conditions are expected to increase and the predictability of normal rainy seasons to decrease. As a result, poor countries with large rural economies that depend on agricultural exports may be negatively affected since agricultural export earnings may be jeopardised unless alternatives are sought for building the resilience of the sector to the anticipated climate change impacts. Not only that their export earning is under risk but also that climate change poses risk to actors along the value chain of the agricultural commodities though the impact on these actors varies with the extent of exposure as well as their sensitivity to the impact.